European beech / Fagus sylvatica is the ideal timber for hedge in shady habitats characterized by its longevity. Requires a fertile, loose soil, does not tolerate acidic soils and waterlogging. It is resistant to freezing below -30 °C, but sensitive to warm. For the attractiveness of its foliage in autumn, which is golden brown and smooth grey bark beech is certainly very prized tree species for hedges. Often there is used red- form Fagus sylvatica, ‘Purpurea’. Part of leaves remains on the branches until spring. With appropriate cut the hedge grows to optimum height of 2 – 3 m.
Height / Width: 25 to 30 m, in a hedge around 3 m
Annual growth: 50 cm in height, 40 cm in width
Illumination requirements: sunny or shady site
Moisture requirements: prefers moist soil
Soil conditions: undemanding, prefers fertile clay soils, ideal habitat are those with higher humidity and calcareous soils, but tolerates also poor slightly acidic soil
Hardiness: hardy to -30 °C, susceptible to late frosts
Maintenance: for a radical cut is the ideal term March, for a current one June. Beech hedges are treated with a cut at least once a year. Possible second term to a cut is in September